Speech Events

There will be four preliminary rounds in each event. Elimination rounds will start at quarterfinals for events with more than 55 entries and semifinals for those events with more than 27 entries. Coaches are urged to emphasize the importance of conscientious attendance in scheduled rounds, since “no-shows” make it impossible for the tournament staff to assure participants an equal level of competition.

There will be two patterns in individual events, and students can enter a MAXIMUM of 3 events in each pattern:
Pattern A:
Extemporaneous Speaking, Original Oratory, Humorous Interp, Programmed Oral Interp, Prose Interp
Pattern B: Impromptu Speaking, Informative Speaking, Dramatic Interp, Duo Interp, Poetry Interp

MATERIAL: Material in individual events may not have been used by that student in competition prior to the completion of the 2017 High School National Forensic League Tournament.

ORIGINAL ORATORY:

Bid eligible for both NIETOC and TOC

OO consists of a speech that is the original work of the student and is designed to persuade the audience. Presentation must be memorized. Any non-factual reference, especially a personal reference, must be so identified. Not more than 100 words of the oration may be a direct quotation from any other source. Maximum time is ten (10) minutes.

PROSE INTERPRETATION:

Bid eligible for TOC

Selections used in this event shall be cuttings from published printed novels, short stories, essays (excluding plays or poetry). This is may be a memorized event but contestants must use a manuscript. Adaptations may be for the purpose of continuity only. Maximum time is ten (10) minutes, including memorized introduction, which presents the author(s) and title.

DRAMATIC INTERPRETATION/HUMOROUS INTERPRETATION:

Bid eligible for NIETOC and TOC

Selections used in these events shall be cuttings from published printed novels, short stories, plays, or poetry. The presentation is memorized and is delivered without a manuscript. Costumes or props are not allowed in the presentation. Adaptations may be for the purpose of continuity only. Maximum time is ten (10) minutes, including memorized introduction, which presents the author(s) and title.

DUO INTERPRETATION:

Bid eligible for NIETOC and TOC

This event involves two competitors interpreting a cutting from a play, prose or poetry, humorous or serious, involving the portrayal of one or more characters by each individual. This is not an acting event; thus, no costumes, lighting, props, etc. are to be used. The presentation is memorized and delivered without a manuscript. The competitors’ focus should be off-stage and not on each other. Maximum time is ten (10) minutes, including memorized introduction, which presents the author(s) and title.

POETRY INTERPRETATION:

Bid eligible for TOC

This division is designed for the presentation of any published literature in the genre of poetry. This may be memorized but contestants must use a manuscript. Maximum time is ten (10) minutes, including the original introduction. Students may splice two or more poems by performing them in alternating order. They may NOT blend different poems from different authors and perform them as ONE poem.

EXTEMPORANEOUS SPEAKING:

Bid eligible for TOC

Topics for Extemp shall be based on foreign and domestic affairs for three months prior to the tournament. Speakers will be given 30 minutes to prepare after drawing from three topics suitable to their area of emphasis. Speakers may use one index card. Maximum time is seven (7) minutes.

IMPROMPTU SPEAKING:

Topics for Impromptu will be quotations. All speakers in a round will speak on one of two quotations, and thus it is necessary that competitors cannot view any contestant before them.  Each speaker has a maximum of seven (7) minutes to prepare and deliver a speech. Note cards may be used when preparing and speaking.

INFORMATIVE SPEAKING:

Students author and deliver a ten-minute (10) speech on a topic of their choosing. Competitors create the speech to educate the audience on a particular topic. All topics must be informative in nature; the goal is to educate, not to advocate. Visual aids are permitted, but not required. The speech is delivered from memory.

PROGRAMMED ORAL INTERPRETATION:

Using selections from Prose, Poetry and Drama students create a ten minute performance around a central theme. Program Oral Interpretation is designed to test a student’s ability to intersplice multiple types of literature into a single, cohesive performance. A manuscript is required and may be used as a prop within the performance if the performer maintains control of the manuscript at all times. Performances can also include an introduction written by the student to contextualize the performance and state the title and the author of each selection.